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Jacob v. Brown

United States District Court, D. Oregon

August 6, 2018



          Michael H. Simon United States District Judge

         Plaintiff, an inmate at the Oregon State Correctional Institution, brings this civil action pro se. Pursuant to an Order entered this date, the Court granted Plaintiff granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis. However, for the reasons set forth below, the Court DISMISSES Plaintiffs Complaint.


         Plaintiff names as Defendants the Oregon Governor and Secretary of State, the Multnomah County District Attorney, and two Multnomah County Circuit Court Judges. Plaintiff filed two separate "Complaints," the first entitled "Complaint for Breach of Fiduciary Duty Suit in Equity Relief in the Common Law Without Prejudice," and the second entitled "Complaint for Declaratory Relief from the Production of All Supported & Executed Mercantile Civil & Commercial Law Activities Unlawfully Held in No. 02-02-31253 At the Mult. Co. Cir. Ct." Attached to the two "Complaints" are some 250 pages of exhibits.

         Plaintiffs filings are largely incomprehensible. It is apparent, however, that the gravamen of his action is a challenge to his continued incarceration for a criminal conviction which resulted in a 30-year gun-minimum sentence. Plaintiff appears to allege that District Attorney Underhill and Circuit Court Judges Bloch and Waller violated International Law, the United States Constitution, and the Uniform Commercial Code (which Plaintiff describes as the "Supreme Law of the Planet") in connection with Plaintiffs criminal prosecution. As to Governor Brown and Secretary of State Richardson, Plaintiff appears to challenge their denial of his request for clemency. By way of remedy, Plaintiff seeks money damages.


         A district court must dismiss an action initiated by a prisoner seeking redress from a governmental entity or officer or employee, if the Court determines that the action (i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A(b). In order to state a claim, a plaintiff must allege facts which, when accepted as true, give rise to a plausible inference that the defendants violated the plaintiff s constitutional rights. Ashcroftv. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009); Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 556-57 (2007).

         "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678; Moss v. U.S. Secret Serv., 572 F.3d 962, 969 (9th Cir. 2009). "A pleading that offers labels and conclusions or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (internal quotations omitted).

         When a plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the court construes the pleadings liberally and affords the plaintiff the benefit of any doubt. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007). Moreover, before dismissing a pro se civil rights complaint for failure to state a claim, the court supplies the plaintiff with a statement of the complaint's deficiencies. Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept., 839 F.2d 621, 623-24 (9th Cir. 1988); Eldridge v. Block, 832 F.2d 1132, 1136 (9th Cir. 1987). Apro se litigant will be given leave to amend his or her complaint unless it is absolutely clear that the deficiencies of the complaint cannot be cured by amendment. Karim-Panahi, 839 F.2d at 623; Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130-31 (9th Cir. 2000).


         Plaintiffs Complaints are patently frivolous, and fail to state any claim upon which relief may be granted. Courts have repeatedly rejected "sovereign citizen" and "redemptionist" arguments such as those made by Plaintiff as "utterly frivolous." See Harris v. Colombo, No. 1:17-cv-242, 2017 WL 1206262, at *2 (W.D. Mich. Apr. 3, 2017) (collecting cases). Moreover, the prosecutor and state judges are entitled to absolute judicial and prosecutorial immunity from Plaintiffs claim for damages. See Meek v. County of Riverside, 183 F.3d 962, 965 (9th Cir. 1999) ("[i]t is well settled that judges are generally immune from civil liability under section 1983"); Imbler v. Pachtman, 424 U.S. 409, 431 (1976) (prosecutors are immune from liability based on their decision to initiate a prosecution). Finally, at base level, an award of damages on Plaintiff s claims would necessarily imply the invalidity of Plaintiffs convictions, and such a claim "must be dismissed unless the plaintiff can demonstrate that the conviction or sentence has already been invalidated." Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 487 (1994). Plaintiff has not demonstrated such. Accordingly, Plaintiffs Complaint must be dismissed.


         For these reasons, the Court DISMISSES Plaintiffs Complaint for failure to state a claim and as patently frivolous. Because the deficiencies of the Complaint cannot be cured by amendment, the dismissal is WITH PREJUDICE. The Court DENIES Plaintiffs Motions to Compel (ECF Nos. 2, 3, and 6), Motion for Default Judgment (ECF No. 12), Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 13), Motion for Leave to Serve Additional Interrogatories (ECF No. 15), and Motion to Order U.S. Marshal to Deliver Complaint and Summons of Service on all Defendants (ECF No. 16), and FINDS MOOT Plaintiffs Motion to Dismiss Both Prematurely Filed Motions for Summary Judgment and Motion for Default Judgment (ECF No. 14).

         The Court further finds that an appeal of this action would not be taken in good faith within the ...

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