Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

State v. Swartz

Court of Appeals of Oregon

August 30, 2017

STATE OF OREGON, Plaintiff-Respondent,
v.
BRITTANY RANAE SWARTZ, Defendant-Appellant.

          Argued and submitted December 16, 2015

         Coos County Circuit Court 13CR1606 Richard L. Barron, Judge.

          Brett Allin, Deputy Public Defender, argued the cause for appellant. With him on the brief was Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, Offce of Public Defense Services.

          Jonathan N. Schildt, Assistant Attorney General, argued the cause for respondent. On the brief were Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, and Anna M. Joyce, Solicitor General.

          Before DeVore, Presiding Judge, and James, Judge, and Duncan, Judge pro tempore. [*]

         [287 Or.App. 602] PER CURIAM

         In this criminal case, defendant appeals the trial court's judgment convicting her of one count of resisting arrest, ORS 162.315. On appeal, defendant assigns error to the trial court's imposition of $400 in court-appointed attorney fees.[1] Defendant argues, and the state concedes, that the trial court plainly erred by imposing the fees because the record contains no information regarding whether defendant "is or may be able to pay" the fees. See ORS 151.505(3) (providing that a court may not order a person to pay attorney fees unless the person "is or may be able to pay" them); ORS 161.665(4) (same). We agree that the trial court plainly erred. State v. Coverstone. 260 Or.App. 714, 716, 320 P.3d 670 (2014) (holding that a trial court commits plain error by imposing court-appointed attorney fees where the record is silent as to the defendant's ability to pay those fees). We exercise our discretion to correct the error because, given defendant's circumstances and other financial obligations, the error is grave.[2] See, e.g., State v. Lea. 283 [287 Or.App. 603] Or.App. 484, 485, 388 P.3d 1252 (2017) (exercising discretion to reverse erroneous imposition of $240 in court-appointed attorney fees "in light of defendant's family obligations and circumstances").

         Portion of judgment requiring defendant to pay court-appointed attorney fees reversed; otherwise affirmed.

---------

Notes:

[*] James, J., vice Flynn, J. pro tempore.

[1] In his opening brief, defendant asserted that the trial court plainly erred by instructing the jury using Uniform Criminal Jury Instruction 1227A, which concerns the legal standard for use of force by a peace officer, and by giving an example of conduct that would violate that standard. See State v. Oliphant. 347 Or. 175, 194, 218 P.3d 1281 (2009) (ruling that, in cases where a defendant has raised a defense of self-defense, a jury instruction regarding the legal standard for use of force by a peace officer inserts "an irrelevant issue-the arresting officers' actual state of mind-into the jury's deliberations concerning [the defendant's] claim of self-defense"); see also State v. Vanornum. 354 Or. 614, 630-31, 317 P.3d 889 (2013) (holding that instructing a jury in violation of Oliphant constitutes plain error). However, at oral argument, defendant's appellate attorney candidly stated that, as he apparently had recently discovered, defendant's list of requested jury instructions included UCrJI 1227A. Because defendant requested UCrJI 1227A, any error that the trial court made by giving the instruction constitutes "invited error" and any error the court made in giving an example to illustrate the instruction is not "obvious." See, e.g., Tenbusch v. Linn County, 172 Or.App. 172, 177-78, 18 P2d4l9, rev den, 332 Or. 305 (2001) (holding that a party's request for a jury instruction invites error resulting from that instruction).

[2] Defendant is an indigent single parent. In addition to the $400 in court-appointed attorney fees, the trial court ordered defendant to pay a $500 fine. The judgment requires defendant to pay the fees and fine within 30 days and provides that, if she fails to do so, an additional $200 will be assessed. The judgment also states that, if defendant's case is referred to a collection agency, "a 28 percent collection referral fee will also be added by the court without any further notice." Defendant's lack of financial resources, her family obligations, the fine, and the potential penalties weigh in favor of correction of the attorney-fee error. See State v. Housego.276 Or.App. 550, 552, 368 P.3d 62 (2016) (concluding that ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.