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Keay v. Bluestone & Hockley

United States District Court, D. Oregon

January 28, 2015

KEVIN M. KEAY, Plaintiff,

Kevin M. Keay, Portland, OR, Plaintiff pro se.


JOHN JELDERKS, Magistrate Judge.

Pro se Plaintiff Keay brings this action against Defendants Susan Howard and Cliff Hockley asserting fraud, discrimination, harassment and retaliation claims. Plaintiff has applied to proceed in forma pauperis. Plaintiff's motion is granted. However, for the reasons set forth below, Plaintiff's Complaint should be dismissed, without service of process, for lack of jurisdiction and on the basis that it fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. See FRCP 12(h)(3); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).


In his Complaint, Plaintiff sets out a number of allegations apparently connected with his lease of an apartment from Defendants. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Howard (1) committed fraud by entering into a lease knowing that the apartment being rented was not clean or in good repair, (2) actively harassed Plaintiff by entering into his apartment without legal notice, (3) failed to fix a number of defects in his apartment and then retaliated against Plaintiff when he reported the issues to the City of Portland's Housing Inspection department. Plaintiff also alleges that Defendant Howard, along with "management, " tampered with his mail and "discriminated against [his] service dog." Finally, Plaintiff alleges there was an "unlawful entry and theft of property" in response to his complaint to the City of Portland's Housing Inspector.

In his prayer for relief, Plaintiff seeks one million dollars for the illegal entry, one million dollars for the theft of property, one million dollars for "management's fraudulent cover up, " one million dollars for the harassment of Plaintiff and his service dog, $3500 for moving costs and "ample time to move to new apartment."


Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction and are presumed to lack jurisdiction over a case unless proven otherwise. Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of America, 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). Federal district courts may hear only those cases that are within the judicial power conferred by the United States Constitution or by statute. Richardson v. United States, 943 F.2d 1107, 1112-13 (9th Cir.1991), cert. denied, 503 U.S. 936 (1992). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(h) requires this court to dismiss an action "[w]henever it appears by suggestion of the parties or otherwise that the court lacks jurisdiction of the subject matter." See also Augustine v. United States, 704 F.2d 1074, 1077 (9th Cir. 1983). A court may dismiss an action sua sponte if it lacks subject matter jurisdiction. See, e.g., Cal. Diversified Promotions, Inc. v. Musick, 505 F.2d 278, 280 (9th Cir. 1974).

Jurisdiction must be based on either diversity of citizenship for cases involving more than $75, 000 in damages between citizens of different states or on a claim based on the United States Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States. 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1332.

Furthermore, under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), a complaint filed in forma pauperis must be dismissed before service of process if it is frivolous, fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief.

In order to state a viable claim, the plaintiff must allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007); see also, Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009)(specifically applying Twombly analysis beyond the context of the Sherman Act). In addition, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(1), every complaint must contain "a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court's jurisdiction...." However, "[d]efective allegations of jurisdiction may be amended, upon terms, in the trial or appellate courts." 28 U.S.C. § 1653. The court must liberally construe a pro se plaintiff's complaint and permit amendment unless the deficiencies in the complaint cannot be cured by amendment. Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept., 839 F.2d 621, 623-624 (9th Cir. 1988).

Plaintiff has not indicated a basis for the court's jurisdiction in his Complaint. In addition, Plaintiff alleges that he and Defendants are all citizens of Oregon. Thus, diversity of citizenship is not present here. Plaintiff's Complaint also fails to allege sufficient facts to support a cause of action arising under the federal laws of the United States. Under these circumstances, this court lacks subject-matter jurisdiction in this case. It is not clear whether the jurisdictional defects in Plaintiff's Complaint can be cured by amendment; therefore, dismissal should be without prejudice and with leave to file an amended complaint.

If Plaintiff does file an amended complaint based on federal question jurisdiction, he must specifically identify the federal statute, treaty or Constitutional provision that Plaintiff alleges was violated by Defendants. Plaintiff must also allege sufficient facts to satisfy the federal pleading standard ...

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