United States District Court, D. Oregon, Portland Division
OPINION AND ORDER
MICHAEL W. MOSMAN, District Judge.
In a decision dated June 20, 2013, an administrative law judge ("ALJ") made a finding that Mrs. Kulakevich was not disabled and therefore not entitled to social security benefits. (Tr. 570-85.) On September 23, 2013, Mrs. Kulakevich sought judicial review of the final decision denying her social security claim. (Pl.'s Compl. .) Mrs. Kulakevich claimed that the ALJ erred by: (1) failing to find her depression to be a severe impairment; (2) failing to properly evaluate and weigh the medical opinion of Dr. Karen Bates-Smith; and (3) failing to properly account for the medical opinion of Dr. Tatsuro Ogisu in determining if any jobs exist in the national economy that Mrs. Kulakevich could perform. (Pl.'s Opening Brief  at 2.) Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), Magistrate Judge Sullivan had jurisdiction to review the ALJ's final determination.
Upon review, on October 3, 2014, Magistrate Judge Sullivan issued her Findings and Recommendation ("F&R")  recommending that judgment be entered affirming the Commissioner's decision to deny Mrs. Kulakevich's social security claim, and that therefore Mrs. Kulakevich's case be dismissed. I agree with the legal conclusions expressed in Judge Sullivan's F&R, and therefore adopt it as my own opinion. I have reviewed the objections to the F&R that Mrs. Kulakevich has raised, and find them to be without merit. I find that that the Commissioner's final determination to deny benefits should be affirmed, and therefore, that Mrs. Kulakevich's claim should be dismissed.
The magistrate judge makes only recommendations to the court, to which any party may file written objections. The court is not bound by the recommendations of the magistrate judge, but retains responsibility for making the final determination. The court is generally required to make a de novo determination regarding those portions of the report or specified findings or recommendation as to which an objection is made. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). However, the court is not required to review, de novo or under any other standard, the factual or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to those portions of the F&R to which no objections are addressed. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149 (1985); United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003). While the level of scrutiny under which I am required to review the F&R depends on whether or not objections have been filed, in either case, I am free to accept, reject, or modify any part of the F&R. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C).
For an appeal of the Commissioner's final decision regarding an individual's claim for social security benefits, the reviewing court must affirm the Commissioner's decision if the Commissioner applied proper legal standards and the findings are supported by substantial evidence in the record. 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) (2006); Batson v. Comm'r of the Soc. Sec. Admin., 359 F.3d 1190, 1193 (9th Cir. 2004). "Substantial evidence" means "more than a mere scintilla, but less than a preponderance." Robbins v. Soc. Sec. Admin., 466 F.3d 880, 882 (9th Cir. 2006). It is "such relevant evidence as a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion." Tylitzki v. Shalala, 999 F.2d 1411, 1413 (9th Cir. 1993). The ALJ is responsible for determining credibility, resolving conflicts in medical testimony, and resolving ambiguities. Andrews v. Shalala, 53 F.3d 1035, 1039 (9th Cir. 1995). The reviewing court may not substitute its judgment for that of the Commissioner. Robbins, 466 F.3d at 882; Ellund v. Massanari, 253 F.3d 1152, 1156 (9th Cir. 2001). Thus, where the evidence is susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, the ALJ' s conclusion must be upheld, even where the evidence can support either affirming or reversing the ALJ's conclusion. Burch v. Barnhart, 400 F.3d 676, 679 (9th Cir. 2005).
The Commissioner has developed a five-step sequential inquiry to determine whether a claimant is disabled within the meaning of the Social Security Act. Bowen v. Yuckert, 482 U.S. 137, 140 (1987); see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920. Each step is potentially dispositive. In Step One, the claimant is not considered disabled if the Commissioner determines the claimant is engaged in substantial gainful activity. See Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 140; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(b). The ALJ found that Mrs. Kulakevich has not been engaged in a substantial gainful activity since March 1, 2006. (Tr. 575.) This is not in dispute.
In Step Two, the claimant is not considered disabled if the Commissioner determines the claimant has no "medically severe impairment or combination of impairments." Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 140-41; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(c). The ALJ found that Mrs. Kulakevich had the following severe impairments: cervical degenerative disc disease, obesity, affective disorder, right shoulder degenerative joint disease, rotator cuff impingement, and somatoform disorder. (Tr. 575-77.) Mrs. Kulakevich argues that the ALJ erred by not including her condition of depression as a severe impairment. (Pl.'s Opening Brief  at 12-14.)
In Step Three, the claimant is considered disabled if the Commissioner determines the claimant's impairments meet or equal "one of a number of listed impairments that the [Commissioner] acknowledges are so severe as to preclude substantial gainful activity." Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 141; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(d). The criteria for the listed impairments, known as "Listings, " are enumerated in 20 C.F.R. pt. 404, subpt. P, app. 1 (Listing of Impairments). The ALJ found that Mrs. Kulakevich's impairments did not meet or were not medically equivalent to any of the impairments on the Listings. (Tr. 578.) This does not appear to be in dispute.
If the Commissioner proceeds beyond Step Three, the ALJ must assess the claimant's residual functioning capacity ("RFC"). The claimant's RFC is an assessment of the sustained, work-related activities the claimant can still do on a regular and continuing basis despite his limitations. 20 C.F.R. § 416.945(a); see also SSAR 96-8, 61 Fed.Reg. 128 (July 2, 1996). The ALJ determined that Mrs. Kulakevich had the RFC to perform light work with the following limitations: she has no English speaking skills; she can lift and carry 20 pounds occasionally and 10 pounds frequently; she can stand for 4 out of 8 hours in a workday; she can walk 4 out of 8 hours, and sit 6 out of 8 hours; she can occasionally perform fine manipulation; she cannot reach overhead; she should not have interaction with the public; she needs to take a 15 minute break every two hours and a 30 minute break after 4 hours; and she needs to sit or stand at will. (Tr. 579.) Mrs. Kulakevich appears to object to the ALJ's determination of her RFC to the extent that she believes the ALJ failed to properly account for the medical opinions of Dr. Karen Bates-Smith and Dr. Tatsuro Ogisu. (Pl.'s Opening Brief  at 6, 10.)
In Step Four, the claimant is not considered disabled if the Commissioner determines the claimant's RFC enables him to perform work he has done in the past. Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 141-42; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(e). The ALJ found that Mrs. Kulakevich was not capable of performing past relevant work. This is not disputed.
If the Commissioner reaches Step Five, she must determine whether the claimant is able to do any other work that exists in the national economy. Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 141-42; see also 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(e), (f). Here the burden shifts to the Commissioner to show a significant number of jobs exist in the national economy that the claimant can do. Yuckert, 482 U.S. at 146 n.5; see also Tackett v. Apfel, 180 F.3d 1094, 1098 (9th Cir. 1999). The Commissioner may satisfy this burden through the testimony of a vocational expert ("VE") or by reference to the Medical-Vocational Guidelines set forth in the regulations at 20 C.F.R. pt. 404, subpt. P, app. 2. If the Commissioner meets this burden, the claimant is not considered disabled. 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(f). After consideration of the entire record, which included the testimony of a VE, the ALJ found that Mrs. Kulakevich had the capacity to work as a small products assembler, room cleaner, and laundry worker. (Tr. 585.) Mrs. Kulakevich ...