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Bobo v. Plymouth Housing Group

United States District Court, D. Oregon

November 7, 2014


Charles Lewis Bobo, General Delivery, Seattle, Washington, Pro se plaintiff.

Christopher R. Page, Hershner Hunter, LLP, Eugene, Oregon, Attorney for defendant, Plymouth Housing Group.


ANN AIKEN, District Judge.

This is yet another in a long line of lawsuits instituted by pro se plaintiff Charles Bobo ("Bobo"). In the instant case, Bobo filed a complaint against defendants Plymouth Housing Group ("Plymouth") and the King County Sheriff's Office ("Sheriff"). Plymouth moves to dismiss Bobo's claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (e) (2), Fed.R.Civ.P. 12 (b) (2), and Fed.R.Civ.P. 12 (b) (6). For the reasons set forth below, Plymouth's motion is granted and this case is dismissed.[1]


Plymouth is a non-profit corporation that develops and operates subsidized housing in Seattle, Washington. On August 27, 2010, Plymouth and Bobo entered into a Section 8 lease agreement. On January 24, 2014, Plymouth notified Bobo that eviction proceedings would be initiated unless he became current on his rent within three days. Because Bobo never paid the outstanding rental amounts, Plymouth commenced a judicial eviction action. On February 25, 2014, the Washington Superior Court of King County held that Bobo was unlawfully detaining the premises and, accordingly, directed the Sheriff to remove Bobo from Plymouth's property.

On July 8, 2014, Bobo filed a lawsuit in this Court, alleging claims for unlawful eviction and deprivation of his constitutional rights in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983.[2] As relief, he seeks $25, 000, 000 in unspecified damages. On July 21, 2014, this Court granted Bobo's motion to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). On September 2, 2014, Plymouth filed the present motion to dismiss. Bobo did not file an opposition to Plymouth's motion.


Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (e), the court must dismiss an IFP complaint, either sua sponte or pursuant to a motion made by the opposing party, if it "is frivolous or malicious" or "fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted." 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (e) (2) (B); Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1126-27 (9th Cir. 2000) (en bane).

Similarly, where the plaintiff "fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, " the court must dismiss the action. Fed.R.Civ.P. 12 (b) (6).To survive a motion to dismiss, the complaint must allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). For purposes of a motion to dismiss, the complaint is liberally construed in favor of the plaintiff and its allegations are taken as true. Rosen v. Walters, 719 F.2d 1422, 1424 (9th Cir. 1983). Bare assertions, however, that amount to nothing more than a "formulaic recitation of the elements" of a claim "are conclusory and not entitled to be assumed true." Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 681 (2009). Rather, to state a plausible claim for relief, the complaint "must contain sufficient allegations of underlying facts" to support its legal conclusions. Starr v. Baca, 652 F.3d 1202, 1216 (9th Cir. 2011), cert. denied, 132 S.Ct. 2101 (2012).


Plymouth contends that dismissal is warranted because Bobo's claims are frivolous and fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. In the alternative, Plymouth argues that the Court lacks personal jurisdiction since it is a Washington corporation that has no connection to this forum.

Bobo is proceeding pro se in this matter. Because pro se plaintiffs do not have the benefit of legal counsel, their pleadings are "held to less stringent standards" than those drafted by lawyers. Florer v. Congregation Pidyon Shevuyim, N.A., 639 F.3d 916, 923 n.4 (9th Cir. 2011), cert. denied, 132 S.Ct. 1000 (2012). Nevertheless, even construing Bobo's pleadings in the most favorable and liberal light, his complaint is dismissed for two reasons.

First, Bobo's claims fail at the pleadings level. Bobo's complaint is conclusory and devoid of factual support. In its entirety, Bobo's complaint consists of three paragraphs, none of which provide any context or factual content. Because the attachments to his complaint reveal only that he was a tenant of Plymouth's and failed to pay his rent in a timely manner on numerous occasions, they do not support his legal conclusions regarding Plymouth's wrongful conduct. Further, even assuming that Plymouth can be construed as a facet of the state for the purposes of 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Bobo failed to allege the existence of an agency policy, custom, or practice that was the moving force behind the alleged constitutional violation at issue. Mabe v. San Bernadino Cnty. Dep't of Pub. Soc. Serv., 237 F.3d 1101, 1111 (9th Cir. 2001).

Second, Bobo's complaint fails as a matter of law. Bobo sued Plymouth on at least three other occasions for the same conduct that underlies this case; in each instance, the court entered a judgment of dismissal. Hunter Decl. Exs. 1-2; see also Rein v. Providian Fin. Corp., 270 F.3d 895, 898-99 (9th Cir. 2001) (res judicata prevents re-litigation of "all issues connected with the action that were or could have been raised" where a final judgment on the merits exists) (citation omitted). Moreover, the Court is barred from entertaining Bobo's claims to the extent they constitute a collateral attack on the Washington Superior Court of King County's judgment of eviction. Bianchi v. Rylaarsdam, 334 F.3d 895, 901 (9th Cir. 2003) (Rooker-Feldman doctrine "precludes review of all state court decisions in particular cases arising out of judicial proceedings even if those challenges allege that the state court's action was unconstitutional").

Finally, the Court notes that Bobo has filed at least forty pro se complaints in the U.S. District Courts for the District of Oregon and the Western District of Washington. Hunter Decl. Ex. 1. "[A] number of those cases [have already been dismissed] upon finding that [Bobo] failed to state a claim upon which relief could be granted, that the filing was frivolous, that the Court lacked jurisdiction, and/or for failure to prosecute." Id .; Bobo v. Tulare Cnty., 2014 WL 4243785, *1-2 (D.Or. Aug. 26, 2014); Bobo v. City of Fresno, 2014 WL 3784103, *1-2 (D.Or. July 31, 2014); Bobo v. Ariz. Dep't of Econ. Sec., 2014 WL 3672926, *1-2 (D.Or. July 23, 2014). The Court therefore enters a Pre-Filing Order restricting plaintiff from further litigating this issue. See DeLong v. Hennessey, 912 F.2d 1144, 1147 (9th Cir. 1990) (federal courts possess the authority "to regulate the activities of abusive litigants by imposing carefully tailored restrictions") (citation and internal quotations omitted). For these reasons, Plymouth's motion is granted.


Plymouth's motion to dismiss (doc. 12) is GRANTED and this case is DISMISSED. All pending motions are denied as moot.


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