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State v. Capote

Court of Appeals of Oregon

October 8, 2014

STATE OF OREGON, Plaintiff-Respondent,
v.
LEROY MANUEL CAPOTE, Defendant-Appellant

Submitted February 22, 2013

Coos County Circuit Court, 10CR0526, Michael J. Gillespie, Judge.

Conviction for first-degree sexual abuse reversed and remanded; remanded for resentencing; otherwise affirmed.

Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, and Laura A. Frikert, Deputy Public Defender, Office of Public Defense Services, filed the briefs for appellant.

John R. Kroger, Attorney General, Anna M. Joyce, Solicitor General, and Shannon T. Reel, Assistant Attorney General, filed the brief for respondent.

Before Armstrong, Presiding Judge, and Nakamoto, Judge, and Egan, Judge.

OPINION

Page 859

[266 Or.App. 213] PER CURIAM

Defendant appeals a judgment of conviction for first-degree sexual abuse, ORS 163.427,[1] assigning error to the trial court's failure to instruct the jury that the state had to prove that he knowingly used forcible compulsion in committing the abuse.[2] Although defendant failed to preserve that assignment, we conclude that the trial court committed plain error by failing to properly instruct the jury on forcible compulsion, and we exercise our discretion to correct the error. We reverse and remand with respect to that conviction.

Less than a year after defendant's trial, we held that a defendant charged with first-degree sexual abuse is entitled to a jury instruction that the state must prove that the defendant knowingly used forcible compulsion in committing the crime. State v. Nelson, 241 Or.App. 681, 688, 251 P.3d 240, rev dismissed as improvidently allowed, 354 Or. 62, 308 P.3d 206 (2011) (" Accordingly, a culpable mental state applies to the forcible compulsion element of those crimes, [including first-degree sexual abuse,] and the state was required to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant acted with the requisite mental state with respect to that element." ). More recently, we concluded that a trial court's failure to give that jury instruction constituted plain error. State v. Gray, 261 Or.App. 121, 130, 322 P.3d 1094 (2014). We conclude that the same is true here, and, for the reasons stated in Gray, 261 Or.App. at 131-32, we exercise our discretion to correct the error in this case.

Conviction for first-degree sexual abuse reversed and remanded; remanded for resentencing; otherwise affirmed.


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