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State v. Bisby

Court of Appeals of Oregon

June 18, 2014

STATE OF OREGON, Plaintiff-Respondent,
v.
SHAWN NATHAN BISBY, Defendant-Appellant

Argued and Submitted September 24, 2013.

Washington County Circuit Court. C102438CR. Steven L. Price, Judge.

Erik Blumenthal, Deputy Public Defender, argued the cause for appellant. With him on the brief was Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, Office of Public Defense Services.

Joanna L. Jenkins, Assistant Attorney General, argued the cause for respondent. With her on the brief were Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, and Anna M. Joyce, Solicitor General.

Before Ortega, Presiding Judge, and Sercombe, Judge, and Hadlock, Judge.

OPINION

[263 Or.App. 600] SERCOMBE, J.

Defendant appeals a judgment of the Washington County Circuit Court convicting him of unlawful possession of cocaine, ORS 475.884, and failure to register as a sex offender, former ORS 181.599 (2011), renumbered as ORS 181.812 (2013). At trial, after the state had rested its case, defendant moved for a judgment of acquittal on the charge of failure to register as a sex offender, contending that the state had failed to

Page 52

prove that venue was proper in Washington County. On appeal, defendant assigns error to the denial of his motion for judgment of acquittal.[1] As explained below, we reverse and remand.

After the parties filed their briefs in this case, the Supreme Court decided State v. Mills, 354 Ore. 350, 312 P.3d 515 (2013). In that case, the court held, contrary to its earlier decisions, that venue is not a material allegation that Article I, section 11, of the Oregon Constitution requires the state to prove beyond a reasonable doubt at trial. Id. at 371. Instead, a criminal defendant has a waivable right to object to improper venue by way of a pretrial motion. Id. at 371-72. Although the defendant in Mills had waited to challenge venue until the close of the state's case-in-chief, the court concluded that " it would be unfair to [the] defendant to hold that he forfeited the opportunity to challenge venue, in light of the fact that the law in effect at the time of trial permitted him to wait until the state rested to raise the issue." Id. at 373. Accordingly, the court reversed the trial court's judgment and remanded the case for further proceedings in which the defendant would have an opportunity to challenge venue if he elected to do so. The court explained:

" If, on remand, defendant elects not to challenge venue under Article I, section 11, the trial court judgment may be reinstated. If defendant challenges venue under Article I, section 11, the trial court may hold an evidentiary hearing [263 Or.App. 601] at which the state will have the opportunity to establish--and defendant will have the opportunity to contest--that Washington County is the appropriate venue. If the court concludes that the state has met its burden of establishing venue, the judgment of the circuit court must be reinstated."

Id. at 373-74.

As in Mills, defendant here waited until the state rested to raise the issue of venue and, when he raised the issue, he did so in a motion for judgment of acquittal. Given that he filed his brief before Mills was decided, on appeal, defendant's arguments were based on the case law that preceded Mills. Although the state filed a memorandum of supplemental authorities pointing out the court's holding in Mills and noting that venue must be raised pretrial and that, " [u]nder Mills, defendant is in no event entitled to an acquittal," defendant has not responded by requesting that we remand the case to the trial court. Nonetheless, a remand is appropriate in this case for the reasons we explained in State v. Burton, 261 Or.App. 534, 537, 323 P.3d 516 (2014) (emphasis in original):

" First, as the Supreme Court stated, given the state of the law before Mills, it would be unfair to conclude that defendant had forfeited the right to challenge venue by waiting to do so until the state had rested its case.
Second, the court's statement [in Mills ] that defendants can elect on remand whether to challenge venue suggests that a defendant need not make that election on appeal in cases in this posture."

See also State v. Weilert, 261 Or.App. 529, 532, 323 P.3d 513 (2014) (noting the state's acknowledgement that, " when defendants who unsuccessfully challenged venue through motions for judgment of acquittal before the Supreme Court decided Mills assign error to the denial of those motions on appeal, we should generally remand the cases to the trial court to allow the defendants an opportunity to object to venue" ); State v. Parsons, 259 Or.App. 344, 314 P.3d 343 (2013) (reversing and remanding in light of Mills where the defendant, at trial, challenged venue by way of a motion for judgment of acquittal). Accordingly, we reverse the trial court's judgment and remand for further proceedings consistent with Mills. See Mills, 354 Ore. at 373-74.

Page 53

[263 Or.App. 602] Reversed and remanded on Count 2; remanded for resentencing; otherwise affirmed.


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