United States District Court, D. Oregon, Medford Division
June 2, 2014
LOUIS PETRONE, Plaintiff,
COMMISSIONER, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, Defendant.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
MARK D. CLARKE, Magistrate Judge.
This case comes before the Court on an unopposed motion for attorney fees under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) in the amount of $3253.00, with the stipulation that, upon payment ofthe 406(b) fees, Plaintiffs attorney will refund the $1557.75 in EAJA fees previously awarded. Having reviewed the proceedings and the amount of fees sought, the Court concludes that Plaintiffs attorney is entitled to the fees requested. The motion (#27) should be GRANTED.
On April 21, 2011, Plaintiff filed his claim to obtain judicial review of a final decision of the Commissioner, which denied his application for Social Security Disability Insurance benefits under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). On November 20, 2012 the recommendation of this Court was adopted, and the decision of the Commissioner was reversed and remanded pursuant to sentence four of 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) for further proceedings to determine whether or not Petrone was disabled between January 1, 2007 and July 7, 2008. On February 19, 2013 the Court granted a stipulated application for plaintiff's attorney fees pursuant to EAJA, in the amount of$1557.75. Finally, on April 11, 2014, Plaintiff's attorney filed this unopposed motion for attorney's fees under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b).
Under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b), a court entering judgment in favor of an SSDI claimant who was represented by an attorney "may determine and allow as part of its judgment a reasonable fee for such representation, not in excess of25 percent of the total ofthe past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled by reason of such judgment." Crawford v. Astrue , 586 F.3d 1142, 1147 (9th Cir. 2009). In contrast to fees awarded under fee-shifting provisions such as 42 U.S.C. § 1988, the fee is paid by the claimant out of the past-due benefits awarded; the losing party is not responsible for payment. Gisbrecht v. Barnhart , 535 U.S. 789, 802 (2002). Also, in contrast to fees awarded under fee-shifting statutes, under which "nothing prevents the attorney for the prevailing party from gaining additional fees, pursuant to contract, from his own client, " id. at 806, the court-awarded fee is the only way a successful SSDI attorney may recover fees for work performed before the district court. Crawford , 586 F.3d at 1147. In fact, it is a criminal offense for an attorney to collect fees in excess of those allowed by the court. Id .; 42 U.S.C. § 406(b)(2); see also Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 806-07. Accordingly, when a court approves both an EAJA fee and a section 406(b) fee payment, the claimant's attorney must refund to the claimant the amount of the smaller of the two payments. Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 796.
Under the Supreme Court's decision in Gisbrecht, the court first examines the contingency fee agreement to determine whether it is within the statutory twenty-five percent cap. In this case, counsel has submitted the relevant agreement (Ex. B), which shows federal court appearance, followed by a favorable outcome, will result in a fee "equal to the lesser of 25% of any past-due benefits resulting from my claim, or... $5, 300 ifmy claim is decided after requesting a hearing, or after my claim is referred to a hearing." Thus, the terms of the agreement are within the statute's limits.
The next step is to confirm that the fee requested by counsel does not exceed the statute's twenty-five percent ceiling. This determination requires evidence of the retroactive benefits to be paid to the claimant. Counsel has included the "Important Information, " from the Society Security Administration (Ex. A2), which functions as a notice of award. It states the back benefits due, and indicates that amount to be $32, 864. The $3, 253 fee requested is ten percent of the indicated award of retroactive benefits, and therefore well within the statutory limit.
An order for an award of benefits should not be viewed in isolation, nor can it be presumed always to require a fee award of twenty-five percent of a claimant's retroactive benefits award. Newton v. Colvin, 2013 WL 3119564 (D. Or. June 18, 2013). Counsel bears the burden · to establish the reasonableness of the requested fee. Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 807. While the court must acknowledge the "primacy of lawful attorney-client fee agreements, " contingent fee agreements that fail to "yield reasonable results in particular cases" may be rejected. Id. at 793, 807. The court must ensure a disabled claimant is protected from surrendering retroactive disability benefits in a disproportionate payment to counsel. Crawford , 586 F.3d at 1151 (citing Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 808). The four factors to be considered when evaluating the requested fee's reasonableness have been identified by the Ninth Circuit as derived from the Court's analysis in Gisbrecht:
1. the character of the representation, specifically, whether the representation was substandard;
2. the results the representative achieved;
3. any delay attributable to the attorney seeking the fee; and
4. whether the benefits obtained were "not in proportion to the time spent on the case" and raise the specter that the attorney would receive an unwarranted windfall.
Crawford , 586 F.3d at 1151-53 (citations omitted). The Ninth Circuit, in Crawford, also identified the risk inherent in contingency representation as an appropriate factor to consider in determining a section 406(b) award. It focused the risk inquiry, however, stating that: "the district court should look at the complexity and risk involved in the specific case at issue to determine how much risk the firm assumed in taking the case." 586 F.3d at 1153. The record in this case provides no basis for a reduction in fee due to the character of counsel's representation, and the results achieved - a stipulated remand for further administrative proceedings, and eventual payment of benefits - are wholly positive and can only be described as successful.
Per Local Rule 4000-8 in the District of Oregon, "Plaintiff shall submit any application for attorneys' fees under 42 U.S.C. § 406(b) within 60 days after plaintiffs federal court attorney has received all of the Notices of Award which are necessary to calculate the total amount of retroactive benefits payable." In this case, the Important Information indicates it was sent to the claimant on October 21, 2013. However, it appears that counsel did not receive a copy from the Social Security field office until February 14, 2014. Thus, his April 11 filing date was timely and appropriate.
A district court may reduce a section 406(b) award if "benefits... are not in proportion to the time spent on the case." Crawford , 586 F.3d at 1151 (citing Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 808). The Supreme Court explained "[i]fthe benefits are large in comparison to the amount of time counsel spent on the case, a downward adjustment is... in order." Gisbrecht , 535 U.S. at 808. Here, the claimant was granted a substantial award of past-due benefits the result of counsel's work. Counsel has submitted a timesheet representing 12.05 hours spent working on Plaintiffs case (Ex. C). Counsel has requested a fee of $3, 253, which would result in an effective hourly rate of $269.95 per hour, which is well below hourly rates regularly approved by the court. The amount is proportional and reasonable for the benefits ultimately awarded.
Based on the foregoing analysis, the Motion for Attorney Fees (#27) should be GRANTED. Counsel should be awarded $3, 253.00 under section 406(b). Counsel should also be required to refund to his client $1557.75 in EAJA fees previously awarded in this case. This Report and Recommendation will be referred to a district judge. Objections, if any, are due no later than fourteen (14) days after the date this recommendation is filed. If objections are filed, any response is due within fourteen (14) days after the date the objections are filed. See FED. R. Civ. P. 72, 6. Parties are advised that the failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court's order. Martinez v. Ylst , 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991).