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State v. Callentano

Court of Appeals of Oregon

May 21, 2014

STATE OF OREGON, Plaintiff-Respondent,
v.
VANELLI CALLENTANO, Defendant-Appellant

Submitted April 30, 2014.

Marion County Circuit Court. 12C46454. Albin W. Norblad, Judge.

Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, and Mary M. Reese, Senior Deputy Public Defender, Office of Public Defense Services, filed the brief for appellant.

Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, Anna M. Joyce, Solicitor General, and Paul L. Smith, Attorney-in-Charge, filed the brief for respondent.

Before Duncan, Presiding Judge, and Haselton, Chief Judge.

OPINION

Page 631

[263 Or.App. 191] PER CURIAM

Defendant was convicted of first-degree robbery, sentenced to 90 months in prison, and ordered to pay a $200 fine and $2,500 in court-appointed attorney fees. On appeal, defendant contends that the trial court erred in ordering him to pay the attorney fees when the record is silent as to whether he " is or may be able" to pay those costs of his defense. See ORS 151.505(3) (" The court may not require a person to pay costs under this section unless the person is or may be able to pay the costs." ); ORS 161.665(4) (" The court may not sentence a defendant to pay costs under this section unless the defendant is or may be able to pay them." ). He acknowledges that he did not preserve that claim of error but urges us to review and correct the error as an " error of law apparent on the record." ORAP 5.45(1).

We agree with defendant that the trial court plainly erred in imposing court-appointed attorney fees on this record. See State v. Chavez, 263 Or.App. 187, ___, 326 P.3d 629, (May 21, 2014) (holding that a trial court commits plain error by imposing court-appointed attorney fees where the record is silent as to the defendant's ability to pay the fees ordered); State v. Coverstone, 260 Ore. App 714, 716, 320 P.3d 670 (2014) (same). We further conclude that, for reasons similar to those expressed in Chavez and Coverstone, it is appropriate to exercise our discretion to correct the error. The error is grave, requiring defendant to pay a substantial sum of $2,500; this is not a case in which the trial court could have made the necessary finding regarding ability to pay if the issue had been brought to its attention, because the record contains no evidence of defendant's financial resources; and defendant was sentenced to a lengthy prison term of 90 months, making it more speculative that defendant would have the funds to pay the fees or acquire them in the future. See Chavez, 263 Ore. App at ___, (exercising discretion to correct a similar error under similar circumstances); Coverstone, 260 Ore. App at 716-17 (same); cf. State v. Baco, 262 Ore. App 169, 171, 324 P.3d 491 (2014) (declining to exercise discretion to correct a plain error in imposing court-appointed attorney fees where the " error is not grave because $510 is not a substantial amount given that defendant's probationary sentence does not prevent him from working and that defendant agreed [263 Or.App. 192] to the state's recommendation of attorney fees in the same amount for another charge sentenced at the same time" ).

Page 632

Portion of judgment requiring defendant to pay attorney fees reversed; otherwise affirmed.


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