United States District Court, D. Oregon
February 18, 2014
JANICE BECKER, Plaintiffs,
WILLAMETTE COMMUNITY BANK, Defendant.
ANN AIKEN, District Judge.
Plaintiff filed suit against her employer under Title VII and Oregon law alleging gender discrimination, harassment, and retaliation. 42 U.S.C. § 2000e; Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 659A.303, 659A.199. With respect to her retaliation claim, plaintiff alleges that defendant took adverse employment action against her for assisting in a wrongful termination proceeding brought against defendant by a former employee, Maureen Connolly. Specifically, plaintiff alleges that she provided information supportive of Ms. Connolly's claims to defendant's counsel, Caroline Guest, during several interviews regarding Ms. Connolly's allegations.
On November 4, 2013, plaintiff served a deposition subpoena on Ms. Guest and directed her to bring "[a]ny notes regarding conversations [Ms. Guest] may have had with [plaintiff] in connection" with Ms. Connolly's lawsuit against defendant. Guest Decl. Ex. 1 (doc. 52). Defendant moved to quash the deposition subpoena, arguing that Ms. Guest's testimony and notes regarding her conversations with plaintiff were confidential attorney-client communications and protected opinion work product.
On December 16, 2013, Magistrate Judge Coffin heard oral argument on the motion. At the conclusion of oral argument, Magistrate Judge Coffin granted defendant's Motion to Quash. Specifically, Magistrate Judge Coffin found that Ms. Guest's testimony and notes were protected from disclosure pursuant to the attorney-client privilege. Subsequently, he issued a Minute Order granting defendant's motion to quash. Plaintiff objects to Judge Coffin's ruling. Doc. 90.
When either party timely objects to any portion of a magistrate judge's ruling on a non-dispositive pretrial matter, the district court may set aside any portion of the ruling found to be "clearly erroneous or contrary to law." 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) (1) (A); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a). I find Magistrate Judge Coffin's ruling to be neither of the above.
I agree with Judge Coffin that Ms. Guest's testimony implicates confidential attorney-client communications. Plaintiff apparently intends to inquire about Ms. Guest's conversations with plaintiff and whether Ms. Guest relayed the substance of those conversations to defendant's representatives. Clearly, Ms. Guest's conversations with her corporate client are confidential communications protected from disclosure. Defendant holds the privilege, and it has not been waived. Further, as pointed out by Judge Coffin, if plaintiff testifies about the factual information she relayed to Ms. Guest, Ms. Guest's testimony on that subject is not necessary. I decline to compel Ms. Guest's deposition testimony in these circumstances.
Additionally, Ms. Guest's mental impressions of her conversations with plaintiff - whether conveyed verbally or in writing - fall squarely within the parameters of protected opinion work product. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b) (3) (A). Even if such work product is not absolutely protected from discovery, plaintiff does not show either a substantial need for this information or undue hardship in obtaining its equivalent. Id . As noted by Magistrate Judge Coffin, if plaintiff testifies that she provided factual information supportive of Ms. Connolly to Ms. Guest, jurors can make the inference that Ms. Guest relayed such information to defendants. See doc. 97 at 10-11 (Transcript of Proceedings, Dec. 16, 2013). If Ms. Guest intends to testify to rebut such an inference, the attorney-client privilege will be waived and plaintiff can question Ms. Guest about those communications.
Accordingly, Magistrate Judge Coffin's ruling (docs. 67, 97) granting defendant's motion to quash (doc. 49) is ADOPTED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.