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Moore v. Commissioner Social Security Administration

United States District Court, Ninth Circuit

December 12, 2013



MALCOLM F. MARSH, District Judge.

Plaintiff seeks an award of attorney's fees in the amount of $5, 203.95 under the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C. § 2412 (d) (1) (A). Because I find the position of the Commissioner was not substantially justified, plaintiff's application for fees is granted with a small reduction in the fee award.


Plaintiff protectively filed his applications for disability benefits on August 25, 2008, alleging disability due to "[d]isc disease in back, diabetes." Tr. 159. His applications were denied initially and upon reconsideration. A hearing was held before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) on December 15, 2010. On January 10, 2011, the ALJ issued a decision denying plaintiff's application. After the Appeals Council denied review, plaintiff timely appealed.

Plaintiff argued that the ALJ properly rejected the opinion of Dr. Daugherty, plaintiff's treating physician. I concluded that the ALJ's reasons for rejecting Dr. Daugherty's opinion were not specific and legitimate reasons supported by substantial evidence, and accordingly remanded to the Commissioner for reconsideration of Dr. Daugherty's opinion.

Plaintiff, as the prevailing party, subsequently filed the present application (#22) for attorney's fees under the EAJA. The Commissioner opposes the award of fees, arguing solely that her position was substantially justified, and therefore, plaintiff is not entitled to fees under the EAJA.


I. Substantial Justification

Under the EAJA, a prevailing party is entitled to recover attorney's fees "unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust." 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). "The test for whether the government is substantially justified is one of reasonableness." Gonzales v. Free Speech Coalition , 408 F.3d 613, 618 (9th Cir. 2005) (internal quotation omitted). The Government's position need not be justified to a high degree, but to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person. Pierce v. Underwood , 487 U.S. 552, 563-66 (1988); Bay Area Peace Navy v. United States , 914 F.2d 1224, 1230 (9th Cir. 1990). A position is substantially justified if it has a reasonable basis in law and fact. Pierce , 487 U.S. at 565; Hardisty v. Astrue , 592 F.3d 1072, 1079 (9th Cir. 2010), cert. denied, U.S. 131 S.Ct. 2443 (2011).

The question is not whether the government's position as to the merits of plaintiff's disability claim was "substantially justified." Shafer v. Astrue , 518 F.3d 1067, 1071 (9th Cir. 2008). Rather, the relevant question is whether the Commissioner's decision to defend the procedural errors on appeal was substantially justified. Id . The government bears the burden of demonstrating substantial justification. Kali v. Bowen , 854 F.2d 329, 332 (9th Cir. 1988).

The Commissioner's argument that the AUJ cited specific and legitimate reasons for rejecting Dr. Daugherty's opinion was not substantially justified. Although I concluded that portions of Dr. Daugherty's opinion were consistent with the RFC, and that Dr. Daugherty's opinion that plaintiff could only occasionally lift ten pounds was undermined by some of plaintiff's own statements, I found that the ALJ's reasons for rejecting Dr. Daugherty's opinion were not relevant to his opinion that plaintiff would have to rest for between 20 and 30 minutes, three to four times per day.

Dr. Daugherty's opined resting limitation is an important observation and was not accounted for in the RFC. The ALJ's statements that Dr. Daugherty's opinion uncritically relied on plaintiff's unreliable self-reporting, did not explain the evidence it relied upon, and was undermined by the lack of significant clinical and laboratory abnormalities were flatly incorrect. Dr. Daugherty specifically cited imaging from the medical record that revealed significant back abnormalities. Tr. 367, 373, 403. It is clear from Dr. Daugherty's opinion that this imaging was part of what informed his opinion, which was not simply an uncritical acceptance of plaintiff's allegations. Thus, the ALJ's reasons were neither relevant to Dr. Daugherty's resting limitation, nor specific or legitimate reasons to disbelieve his opinion as a whole.

Defendant continues to argue that the opinions of examining physicians DeWayde Perry, M.D., and reviewing physician M. Desai constitute specific and legitimate reasons to reject Dr. Daugherty's opinion. This argument remains meritless for two reasons. First, the ALJ did not cite inconsistency between Dr. Daugherty's opinion and the opinions of Drs. Perry and Desai as a reason to reject Dr. Daugherty's opinion. Tr. 17. Second, the opinion of a treating physician is generally given greater weight than those of examining or reviewing physicians. Lester v. Chater , 81 F.3d 821, 830 (9th Cir. 1995). Thus, the simple fact that the ALJ credited examining or reviewing opinions that were inconsistent with that of a treating physician is not a specific and legitimate. reason to discredit the treating physician. To hold otherwise would be contrary to settled Ninth Circuit caselaw regarding the weight to be given to treating physicians' opinions.

Finally, defendant argues that the ALJ gave specific and legitimate reasons to reject Dr. Daugherty's opinion because the ALJ summarized the facts and evidence, stated his interpretation thereof, and made findings. As discussed above, however, the ALJ's interpretation of Dr. Daugherty's opinion was largely unreasonable. Defendant's ...

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