Argued and submitted on April 26, 2013.
Lincoln County Circuit Court 103435 Sheryl Bachart, Judge.
Kristin A. Carveth, Deputy Public Defender, argued the cause for appellant. With her on the brief was Peter Gartlan, Chief Defender, Office of Public Defense Services.
Cecil A. Reniche-Smith, Senior Assistant Attorney General, argued the cause for respondent. With her on the brief were Ellen F. Rosenblum, Attorney General, and Anna M. Joyce, Solicitor General.
Before Armstrong, Presiding Judge, and Egan, Judge, and De Muniz, Senior Judge.
ARMSTRONG, P. J.
Defendant appeals a supplemental judgment for restitution in the amount of $36, 911.89 for property that defendant stole in a robbery at a Rite Aid pharmacy. Defendant contends that the court erred by awarding restitution to Rite Aid based on the retail value of the stolen property. According to defendant, the proper measure of economic damages for purposes of restitution was the wholesale value of the property and any profits lost by the store as a result of the theft. We reject defendant's argument and affirm.
A jury convicted defendant of a number of crimes arising from robberies that defendant committed at a Newport Rite Aid pharmacy on March 10, 2010, and July 11, 2010. In the March 10 robbery, defendant entered the Rite Aid, brandished what appeared to be a handgun, and demanded that the pharmacist give him the store's entire supply of Oxycontin. The pharmacist filled a plastic bag with the store's unopened bottles of the drug, which contained thousands of tablets of assorted dosages. Defendant grabbed the bag and fled. He returned to rob the Rite Aid pharmacy a second time on July 11, 2010, making off with four bottles of tablets.
A Rite Aid pharmacist testified at defendant's trial about the quantity and value of the Oxycontin tablets that defendant had stolen in the March 10 robbery. She used the store's controlled-drugs auditing program to determine the number of tablets that defendant had taken and another computer program to calculate the value of the tablets.
As she explained,
"[w]e have a program that checks the price, if someone wants to pay a cash price for a pill. So I just entered in the drug name, the code for that drug and bottle size, and the quantity missing, and used that dollar amount to estimate the cost."
The trial court also admitted into evidence an exhibit that listed the quantity of Oxycontin tablets taken on March 10 and their calculated value, totaling $36, 911.89. The state did not present any evidence about the value of the drugs that defendant stole in the July 11 robbery. As noted, the jury convicted defendant for a number of crimes related to the robberies.
After entering a judgment on defendant's convictions, the trial court entered a supplemental judgment awarding restitution to Rite Aid in the amount of $36, 911.89, based on the retail value of the Oxycontin tablets that defendant had stolen on March 10. In making that award, the trial court rejected defendant's argument that the proper measure of Rite Aid's economic damages was "what it cost Rite Aid to basically replace the inventory that was taken." The court did not award restitution for the tablets taken in the July 11 robbery because the state failed to present evidence by which to determine the value of those tablets.
When a person is convicted of a crime and the "court finds from the evidence presented that a victim suffered economic damages, " the court shall order the defendant to "pay the victim restitution in a specific amount that equals the full amount of the victim's economic damages as determined by the court." ORS 137.106(1)(a). ...