Appeal from Circuit Court, Multnomah County. Phillip J. Roth, Judge.
Cleveland C. Cory, Portland, argued the cause for appellant. With him on the briefs were Clarence R. Wicks, and Davies, Biggs, Strayer, Stoel and Boley, Portland.
Ridgway K. Foley, Jr., Portland, argued the cause for respondent and cross-appellant. With him on the brief were Gordon Moore, J. Laurence Cable, and Souther, Spaulding, Kinsey, Williamson & Schwabe, Portland.
O'Connell, Chief Justice, and Denecke, Holman, Howell and Bryson, Justices.
Plaintiff was a passenger in a vehicle which was hit head on by a vehicle driven by defendant Richard. The defendant Audrey Gearhard was joined as a defendant on the theory that she was acting as the master of the defendant Richard at the time of the accident. A jury returned a verdict against both defendants. The trial court granted defendant Gearhard's motion for a judgment n.o.v. and denied her motion for a new trial. Plaintiff appeals from the judgment n.o.v.
The question presented by plaintiff is whether the jury could have found "that at the time of the accident defendant Richard was acting as the servant of his aunt [defendant Audrey Gearhard]."
The facts are generally undisputed.
At the time of the accident the defendant Richard's grandmother, with whom he maintained a close relationship, was suffering from serious heart trouble and required a constant supply of oxygen. The grandmother lived adjacent to the home of her daughter, defendant Audrey Gearhard, who was Richard's aunt. Mrs. Gearhard was a registered nurse at Holladay Park Hospital in Portland, and the oxygen was secured from that hospital and paid for by the grandmother. Various members of the family, including Richard, would see that oxygen was made available to the grandmother.
Richard, who worked in Vancouver, Washington, customarily stopped at his grandmother's place on his way home from work. On the day of the accident he visited his grandmother and found that she was having "some kind of heart trauma" with chest pains and difficulty in breathing. He immediately checked the oxygen supply and found it very low. About that time the defendant Gearhard and her daughter came into the house, and it was decided that Richard should go to the Holladay Park Hospital and secure more oxygen. The evidence is in dispute over whether Richard volunteered to get the oxygen or whether his aunt, Mrs. Gearhard, asked him to secure it. In any event, Mrs. Gearhard called the hospital and arranged for the oxygen to be delivered to Richard when he arrived.
On his way back from the hospital, Richard's auto collided with the vehicle in which plaintiff was riding as a passenger.
It is absolutely clear in this case that the relationship between Richard and Mrs. Gearhard was not that of master and servant. A servant is defined in 1 Restatement (Second) 485, Agency 2d, § 220, as a "person employed to perform services in the affairs of another and who with respect to the physical conduct in the performance of the services is subject ...