Appeal from Circuit Court, Washington County. Albert R. Musick, Judge. No. 14-926.
J. Marvin Kuhn, Deputy Public Defender, Salem, argued the cause for appellant. With him on the brief was Gary D. Babcock, Public Defender, Salem.
Al J. Laue, Assistant Attorney General, Salem, argued the cause for respondent. On the brief were Lee Johnson, Attorney General, and John W. Osburn, Solicitor General, Salem.
Langtry, Judge. Schwab, Chief Judge, and Fort, Judge.
Plaintiff appeals from conviction of Class A misdemeanor, criminal drug promotion. ORS 167.222. She had originally been indicted in the same matter for felony criminal activity in drugs, ORS 167.207, which charge was dismissed and an information for the lesser offense substituted therefor.
She challenges the conviction, contending (1) that the affidavit supporting the search warrant for the premises where she lived which produced marihuana plants did not establish probable cause, (2) that there was insufficient evidence of her knowledge about the marihuana for conviction, and (3) that the part
of the sentence which involved restitution for fees of a court-appointed attorney was illegal. The latter claim of error is not based upon any objection or exception taken in the trial court and therefore does not merit our consideration. However, a similar contention was rejected by this court in State v. Fuller, 12 Or App , 504 P2d 1393, Sup Ct review denied (1973).
(1). The affidavit which formed the basis for the search warrant was by a state police officer. In it he alleged that a reliable, confidential informant had told him (1) that two to three days previous to the date of the affidavit the informant was at the defendant's residence which she shared with another person as a cotenant and there saw marihuana plants growing outside and marihuana seeds in the germination stage inside the house, (2) that the other cotenant told him he was growing marihuana, (3) that one to two months previously at the same house he had smoked marihuana with the cotenants, and (4) that in order to determine reliability the police officer showed the informant a plant which he knew to be marihuana and the informant said that it looked "just like" the plants he had seen growing at the house in question.
This affidavit was made by the police officer after a discussion with a deputy district attorney in which he was advised to proceed. The record discloses that the magistrate who issued the warrant carefully considered the affidavit in the light of the most recent court decisions on the subject before he decided to issue the search warrant. Defendant relies most strongly upon Aguilar v. Texas, 378 U.S. 108, 84 S Ct 1509, 12 L Ed 2d 723 (1964); State v. Flores, 251 Or 628, 447 P2d 387 (1968); and Wright v. Cupp, 3 Or App 586,
475 P2d 979 (1970). Subsequent to the decisions in these cases the United States Supreme Court decided United States v. Harris, 403 U.S. 573, 91 S Ct 2075, 29 L Ed 2d 723 (1971). In that case the opinion of the court indicates that an affidavit such as that in question here is sufficient upon which to base the issuance of a search warrant. There are similarities in Harris and the case at bar. For instance, in both, the informant was reported in the affidavit to have made a statement against his penal interests. In Harris it was that the informant frequently had purchased illicit liquor from the suspect. In the case at bar the informant had smoked marihuana with the cotenants of the residence.
"* * * People do not lightly admit a crime and place critical evidence in the hands of the police in the form of their own admissions. Admissions of crime, like admissions against proprietary interests, carry their own indicia of credibility -- sufficient at least to ...