Appeal from Circuit Court, Multnomah County. Phillip J. Roth, Judge. No. 374-663.
Marian C. Rushing, City Attorney, and Michael E. Clift, Deputy City Attorney, Portland, for appellant.
L. B. Sandblast, Portland, for respondent.
Langtry, Judge. Schwab, Chief Judge, and Thornton, Judge.
Defendant appeals from an adverse judgment in a false imprisonment action in which the plaintiff was awarded $65 special damages, $750 general damages and costs.
The assignments of error relate to the defendant's contention that the evidence does not support the judgment. Defendant was a traffic patrolman for the city of Portland on August 24, 1970 at about 3:30 p.m. when he issued traffic citations to the plaintiff for alleged disobedience of a traffic sign and failure to display vehicle registration. He testified that plaintiff crumpled up the first citation alleging disobedience of the traffic sign and threw it on the seat of her car when he gave it to her, and that subsequently when she did not display registration for her car he gave the additional citation to her.
Plaintiff, in her testimony, denied that she crumpled up either of the citations. She also testified that she had not disobeyed the traffic sign, and that the defendant had not given her a reasonable opportunity to show her vehicle registration which she found in her purse after she was placed in jail. Plaintiff was accompanied by another woman and a 12-year-old girl in her automobile at the time of the arrest. Defendant called two other police officers to assist him in the arrest. The citations given the plaintiff were not produced in evidence nor were any of the witnesses to the episode produced by either party. Copies of the original citations certified to by the Director of the Department of Judicial Administration were placed in evidence pursuant to stipulation of counsel.
The plaintiff, after being incarcerated overnight in jail after her arrest, was released on her own recognizance the following morning. She requested jury trial on the citations and trial was set for November 25, 1970. At that time Officer Witt failed to appear and the traffic court dismissed the citations.
At the trial of this false imprisonment action
the contradictory testimony of plaintiff and defendant was all that was produced by either side on the question of probable cause.
A police officer has statutory justification and duty to "arrest or issue a citation" to a person for traffic offenses. ORS 484.100 (1). He also has a statutory justification to arrest a motorist who refuses to produce a valid registration certificate. ORS 481.230 (4); ORS 484.100 (1). If a person is arrested for two or more offenses simultaneously, probable cause for one charge is a complete defense to an action of false imprisonment. 32 Am Jur 2d 139, False Imprisonment § 81. In a false imprisonment action based on arrest and jailing without a warrant for a misdemeanor, if it does not appear that a police officer had ...